View Full Essay Words: Malcolm X also makes some histoical claims when demanding the civil ights. He states that Nego evolt has been going on since in the whole wold and in will see that it then emeges to be a black evolution. He claims that this evolution has been happening in Asia, Afica and Latin Ameica fo the not white individuals.
By the end of the trials, hundreds were accused of witchcraft, nineteen were executed and several more died in prison awaiting either trial or execution. While these events are referred to as the Salem witch trials, several counties in Massachusetts were involved, including Salem Village, Ipswich, Salem Town and Andover.
While these were not the first examples of executions for witchcraft in New England, the volume of accusations and convictions generated one of the most infamous examples of mass hysteria in American history.
Puritan Superstitions One of the primary contributing factors to the Salem witch trials was the superstitions prevalent in Puritan society.
The belief that Satan was present and active was widely held in Europe and eventually spread to Colonial America. A common precept of this belief revolved around the necessity of believing in demons and evil spirits in order to confirm the belief of the existence of God and angels.
This, combined with daily superstitions where all misfortunes were blamed on the supernatural, created a perfect environment for the mass hysteria leading to the Salem witch trials. Village Relationships Another factor likely contributing to the volume of witchcraft accusations revolved around the relationships within and between the various villages and towns.
Numerous disputes occurred in Salem Village around items such as grazing rights, church privileges, and property lines. Many of the neighboring towns viewed Salem Village as problematic as evidenced by decisions such as hiring independent ministers to serve the village instead of supporting the larger Salem Town.
The Influence of the Church In Puritan society, life revolved around the church. Most of the colonists in New England immigrated to the colonies due to religious strife in England and disagreement with the Protestant Church of England.
Seeking a new home where they could build a society based on common religious beliefs, the Puritan settlers formed somewhat closed societies built around the church and related activities. In the New England Puritan villages and settlements, all aspects of life revolved around the church.
Residents were expected to adhere to the teachings of the church, such as attending lengthy sermons twice per week and avoiding activities deemed sinful, such as dancing, non-religious music, and celebrations of events or holidays rooted in Paganism, including traditionally religious holidays such as Christmas and Easter.
Even children were affected by the restrictions of the church. Toys such as dolls were forbidden and all education revolved around the Bible and religious doctrine. Evidence of Witchcraft When it came to proving allegations of witchcraft, several types of evidence were considered during the trials.
One type of evidence consisted of spectral evidence which encompassed the testimony of those who claimed to see an apparition or shape of the person afflicting them. While some argued that Satan could afflict anyone, others argued that Satan needed the permission of the person whose shape was assumed.
Based on precedence in other cases, the courts ruled spectral evidence admissible in witchcraft trials.
Effluvia also provided a significant source of evidence in witchcraft trials. The basis of this theory revolved around the concept that a witch would be affected by tests conducted on their victims. One common test was the witch cake where a cake was produced using specific ingredients including the urine of suspected victims.
When the cake was fed to a dog, the person guilty of afflicting someone would cry out in pain, indicating guilt. Another common test based on effluvia was the touch test where a victim in the throes of a witchcraft induced fit would cease suffering when touched by the witch causing the affliction.
Other types of evidence included confessions of those accused and the direct testimony of an accused naming others as guilty of witchcraft. The presence of poppits, ointments or books on palm reading or astrology was also considered evidence of guilt.
Early Accusations The combination of superstition, religious doctrine and subjective evidence all combined to produce an environment where accusations of witchcraft were easy to make and prove. Intwo young girls living in Salem Village began to experience fits where they screamed, threw things, contorted themselves into unusual physical positions and made strange sounds.
They also complained of feeling pinches and pin pricks. Medical examinations found no evidence of physical illness or ailment.Europe. Dutch Protesters Planning Demos For and Against Black Pete. As Dutch children eagerly anticipate the arrival of their country's version of Santa Claus this weekend, opponents and.
Cesar Chavez A American Hero words - 4 pages The purpose of this paper is to talk about Cesar E. Chavez's life and how he had a positive effect on Mexican American labor workers. Cesar E. Chavez was the great defender for Mexican Americans and a hero for many American workers.
The Life of Cesar Chavez essays Cesar Chavez was a famous labor leader. He helped out the agricultural workers in problems they faced in the work force. Chavez led several strikes to help the migrant workers get a higher pay and started a Labor Movement.
Cesar Chavez was born March 31, and died April 23, He was a farm worker, labor leader and civil rights activist.
He co-founded the National Farm Workers Association. Cesar Chavez “Fast for Nonviolece” / Photo by Jon Lewis Cesar’s deeds as the founder and leader of the United Farm workers Union have become legendary. All Americans should know about him and the history of the farm worker movement.
Cesar Chavez Essay Sample “The end of all education should surely be serviced to others.” Cesar Chavez was a man who was dedicated to many things one of them being education.