I am a big fan of your work on risk communication and have been following it for years. I am currently researching best practice for communicating job layoffs, and wondered if you would apply your models to communicating bad news about jobs. For example, would this comment hold true in a job crisis?
Although meningitis is treated with antibioticsexperts say that giving antibiotics after all basilar skull fractures may not be helpful.
One study found that there is not enough evidence to support giving people antibiotics for basilar skull fractures alone.
Another review also states that using antibiotics to prevent meningitis after a basilar skull fracture does not improve outcomes. The researchers conclude that antibiotics should only be given if the person has meningitis.
Blood vessel injury Basilar skull fractures can also cause injuries to the blood vessels that supply the brain. These are called cerebrovascular injuries.
People with basilar skull fractures are at high risk of having a cerebrovascular injury. This type of injury can cause permanent brain damage or death.
Therefore, people with possible basilar skull fractures should undergo a computed tomography CT scan to check for this complication. Treatment It is recommended to seek immediate medical care with Battle's sign. Battle's sign means a person should seek medical care immediately.
But, the appearance of this bruise is not enough to determine what treatment is needed. A doctor will need to evaluate a person's neurological health as well.
Some tests that a person may receive include: They can also reveal whether the broken bones have moved. In severe cases, surgery may be needed to treat broken bones, brain injuries, or brain and spinal fluid leaks.
Not all of these tests may be required after minor head injuries, depending on the person's age, underlying health problems, and any medications they are taking. Usually, younger children who have no symptoms of neurological problems recover well after minor head injuries.
However, all head injuries need to be evaluated by a doctor to rule out skull fractures, brain injuries, and other complications.
If there are no signs of brain injury, bleeding, or other complications, careful observation by a doctor and home care may be adequate treatment for some minor basilar skull fractures.
Children with basilar skull fractures could be released from the hospital to recover at home if they: Once a person has received proper medical treatment and been discharged, they should: Take care to not injure their head again while it is healing. This includes avoiding certain sports and physical activities for several months.
Ensure they attend all follow-up appointments. Watch carefully for any symptoms of meningitis, such as fever, stiff neck, or headache, and seek emergency care if these appear.
See a doctor right away for new symptoms, such as worsening headache, dizziness, confusion, or loss of consciousness. Takeaway Basilar skull fractures can range from minor to severe. Even if a person's symptoms are mild, Battle's sign should never be ignored.
Only a doctor can determine what medical care is needed after a head injury.The reason why wearing a seatbelt is important is because seatbelts are designed to protect, it is the law and statistics prove that wearing a seatbelt is safer than not wearing one at all, and wearing a seatbelt will save a person money on medical bills and related costs due to an accident.
the spirit and can clear a path a mile wide thru pain. The human spirit fights valiantly and when it is blended with this power it comes out like a TIGER. Sample Expository Essay on Seatbelts Many people do not understand the importance of seat belts. More than forty thousand reported deaths .
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comment: I am a Ph.D. student in public health and am contacting you concerning research on your risk communications principles. I am responding to your interest in having more research done on your risk communication principles as you mentioned in the guestbook post by Knut Tønsberg..
I also work with a public health agency in Michigan, specializing in pandemic influenza risk communication. Free school safety papers, essays, and research papers.