Their policies and standpoints are based primarily on information developed through scientific practices, but they also reflect ethical concerns, including the conservation of the diversity and abundance of fish populations, and respect for life and life processes. Further, these societies believe that their members are responsible not only for advancing scientific knowledge and understanding of fish and fisheries but also for improving human appreciation for these animals and the industries that they support. All three societies actively promote research and the dissemination of information derived from that research. They also advocate respect for life processes, respect for the forms of life within various ecosystems, and the humane treatment of animals used in research investigations.
Equivalent recommendations apply to the Canadian equivalent of these associations. Pressure toward EBP has also come from public and private health insurance providers, which have sometimes refused coverage of practices lacking in systematic evidence of usefulness.
Areas of professional practice, such as medicine, psychology, psychiatryrehabilitation and so forth, have had periods in their pasts where practice was based on loose bodies of knowledge.
Some of the knowledge was lore that drew upon the experiences of generations of practitioners, and much of it had no valid scientific evidence on which to justify various practices.
In the past, this has often left the door open to quackery perpetrated by individuals who had no training at all in the domain, but who wished to convey the impression that they did, for profit or other motives. As the scientific method became increasingly recognized as the means to provide sound validation for such methods, the need for a way to exclude quack practitioners became clear, not only as a way of preserving the integrity of the field particularly medicinebut also of protecting the public from the dangers of their "cures.
The notion of evidence based practice has also had an influence in the field of education. Here, some commentators[ who? Opponents of this view argue that hard scientific evidence is a misnomer in education; knowing that a drug works in medicine is entirely different from knowing that a teaching method works, for the latter will depend on a host of factors, not least those to do with the style, personality and beliefs of the teacher and the needs of the particular children Hammersley Some opponents of EBP in education suggest that teachers need to develop their own personal practice, dependent on personal knowledge garnered through their own experience.
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Others argue that this must be combined with research evidence, but without the latter being treated as a privileged source. Its goal is to eliminate unsound or excessively risky practices in favor of those that have better outcomes.
EBP uses various methods e. Where EBP is applied, it encourages professionals to use the best evidence possible, i.
The core activities at the root of evidence-based practice can be identified as: Random Reflections on Health Services.
It is now assumed that professionals must be well-informed and up-to-date with the newest knowledge in order to best serve their clients and remain professionally relevant Gibbs, ; Pace, ; Patterson et al.
It recognizes that care is individualized and ever changing and involves uncertainties and probabilities.
EBP develops individualized guidelines of best practices to inform the improvement of whatever professional task is at hand. Evidence-based practice is a philosophical approach that is in opposition to rules of thumbfolkloreand tradition.
Examples of a reliance on "the way it was always done" can be found in almost every profession, even when those practices are contradicted by new and better information. However, in spite of the enthusiasm for EBP over the last decade or two, some authors have redefined EBP in ways that contradict, or at least add other factors to, the original emphasis on empirical research foundations.
For example, EBP may be defined as treatment choices based not only on outcome research but also on practice wisdom the experience of the clinician and on family values the preferences and assumptions of a client and his or her family or subculture.Ethical Issues in Psychology Psychologists often work with vulnerable individuals in sensitive situations.
An important step in becoming a mental health professional or consumer of psychological services is to be aware of the ethical issues faced by psychologists.
2 1. Introduction The Tasmanian Government seeks to increase the efficiency and productivity of the State Service through a culture that values, supports and improves the health and wellbeing of . page Guidelines for the Assessment of English Language Learners is the latest in a series of research- based ETS publications that address quality issues .
the Assessment, Evaluation, Treatment and Behavioral Monitoring of Adult Sex Offenders (hereafter Standards and Guidelines) were originally drafted by the SOMB over a period of two years and were first published in January By including monitoring and evaluation as a component of minimum response, the IASC MHPSS guidelines assert that monitoring and evaluation are high-priority activities that should be implemented as soon as possible in an emergency.
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